トピック - 【基礎研究】A clinically relevant in vivo zebrafish model of human multiple myeloma to study preclinical therapeutic efficacy.
書誌情報：Lin J,et al. 2016 Jul 14;128(2):249-52. Pubmed
Patient-derived multiple myeloma (MM) cells are difficult to establish in culture or propagate in vivo in murine model. Here, we describe a zebrafish xenograft model that permits rapid, reliable growth of human MM cells injected into the perivitelline space of albinozebrafish (Casper) embryos 48 hours postfertilization. MM1S and MM1R MM cell lines and primary CD138(+) MM cells were stained with CM-Dil red fluorescent dye and suspended in Matrigel prior to their injection. The cells grew at the site of injection and disseminated throughout the developing embryos and larvae. Tumor size was quantified by fluorescent microscopy, and cell fate was followed for 4 days. All of the cell line xenografts showed responses similar to those previously observed with in vitro assays. CD138(+) plasma cell xenografts derived from MM patients also grew and were inhibited by the same drugs patients had responded to clinically. Using this technique, we can assess drug sensitivity or resistance with a small number of MM cells in a short period. This raises the possibility that one might be able to assess drug sensitivity in real time with readily obtainable clinical samples.